Kawah Putih and Dr. Junghuhn

Kawah Putih is one of the two craters which make up Mount Patuha, an andesitic stratovolcano. Kawah Putih represents a relatively stable volcanic system with no records of significant activity since 1600.

Kawah putih is located ciwiday, bandung. The temperatures are frequently around 10 degrees celsius. The surrounding area is heavily forested. There is a pathway down to the lake which is surrounded by the high walls of the crater. The smell of sulfur is quite strong because there is a sulfurous gas bubbling from the crater. There are tracks around Kawah Putih and through the nearby forest including to the peak of Patuha Mountain.Kawah Putih is a sizeable highly acid lake which changes color from bluish to whitish green, or brown, it depend on the concentration of sulfur and the temperature or the oxidation state. The sand and rocks surrounding the lake have been also leached into whitish colors through interaction with the acidic lake waters. How reach kawah putih. if start from Jakarta, you should go to Bandung firstly and then you go to Ciwidey so you can go ahead to Kawah putih.

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History The kawah putih is said to have been discovered in 1837 by Dr Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn, a German botanist who carried out a considerable amount of research in Indonesia until his death in Lembang, just north of Bandung, in 1864. At the time, there were various local stories about the history of the area. Birds were said to be reluctant to fly near the region and villagers in the area tended to regard the forest around the lake as eerie and somewhat mysterious. These stories prompted Dr Junghuhn to investigate. He discovered Kawah Putih. There was formerly a sulfur mine at the crater although production has now ceased. A sulfur plant known as the Zwavel Ontgining Kawah Putih was first established near the lake during the period of Dutch rule in Java. The plant was later taken over during World War II by the Japanese military and operated under the name Kawah Putih Kenzanka Yokoya Ciwidey. Entry points to various tunnels which represent the remnants of these mining activities can be seen at several points around the current site. Over a century after Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn first discovered the lake, in 1991 the Indonesian state-owned forestry firm Perhutani Unit III Jawa Barat dan Banten (Forestry Unit No III for West Java and Banten) began to develop the site as a tourist spot.

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